Current Schedule Course Descriptions

Current Schedule
Water and Wastewater Environmental Training
Course Descriptions


21st Century Principles of Water/Wastewater Chlorination and De-Chlorination 
TRE 4320-08-07:  All Operators (Process)
7 hours
Since the early 1900s, disinfection of municipal wastewater has typically been done through the use of some form of chlorine.  This course looks at the most common mistakes water/wastewater systems make using hypochlorite and liquid based de-chlorinating agents.  Participants will learn why it is so important to accurately measure delivered hypochlorite/de-chlorinating agent strength and their rates of deterioration.  Topics covered will include how valuable simple pump dose calculations can be to minimize and maximize residuals and the importance of verifying all pump settings via routine calibrations.


Activated Sludge Design Criteria and Performance Standards   
TRE 5661-15-03:  WW 3-6 S&A; IWW 3-7 (Process)
7 hours
All operators making process control decisions need to be aware of plant design criteria and regionally recognized performance standards.  This is an important concept even if the plant is performing well.  When upsets occur or you are dealing with seasonal I/I flows, comparing plant operations to design criteria and performance standards is one of the first steps to take when troubleshooting and making corrective process control decisions.  This course is intended for the intermediate to advanced level operator and will focus on utilizing design criteria and performance standards when making process control decisions.  Topics covered include standards and design criteria, key elements of process performance standards, evolution of activated processes, typical hydraulic sizing of  BNR treatment components and a problem solving exercise where operators will assume that all or part of the plant's design criteria is not available and will need to use performance standards to develop substitute design criteria for a fictitious activated sludge wastewater treatment plant.


Activated Sludge – Evolution to Nitrogen Removal
TRE 5906-16-05 Categories Pending
7 hours
What do you know about the various activated sludge configurations currently used, available, and evolving for activated sludge, BNR, and ENR processes? The objective of this class is to give activated sludge plant operators a more in-depth understanding of the activated sludge process. With this understanding, effluent quality variability and process energy usage can be reduced. Topics to be presented include: wastewater characterization, biological N & P removal, the importance of sludge quality, measuring and controlling sludge quality, WAS flow control, RAS flow optimization, secondary clarifier performance diagnostic testing. Specifically, types of aeration diffusers (mechanical, fine bubble, and membranes) and blowers (positive, multistage, single stage, and high speed) will be addressed. The influence of MCRT and MLSS will also be addressed as to the efficiency, ease (or difficulty) and cost of aeration. Finally, helpful operating hints will be provided based on experiences from operating facilities.


Activated Sludge Process Control    
TRE 1176-95-02:  WW 3, 5; IWW 5 (Process)
7 hours
Final effluent quality is largely dependent on the composition of the biomass in an activated sludge plant.  This course is designed to review the principles of biologically treating wastewater with activated sludge, defining and examining traditional process control tests, performing and interpreting each test, and recording test results.  Participants will be introduced to testing techniques for detailed microscope biomass examination; food to mass ratio; mean cell residence time; sludge age; settleability; sludge volume index; oxygen uptake rate; and sludge blanket depth.  Each participant should bring a calculator to this class. 


Aeration of Activated Sludge, BNR, and ENR Processes
TRE 4855-10-12:  WW All; IWW All; Superintendents WW & IWW (Process)
7 hours
Various technologies are used to aerate activated sludge processes, including Biological Nutrient Removal (BNR) and Enhanced Nutrient Removal (ENR) processes.  Various aeration options currently used, available, and evolving for activated sludge, BNR and ENR processes will be covered in this course.  Specifically, types of aeration diffusers (mechanical, fine bubble, and membranes) and blowers (positive, multistage, single stage, and high speed) will be addressed.  The influence of MCRT and MLSS will also be addressed as to the efficiency, ease (or difficulty) and cost of aeration.  Airflow rate requirements and their calculations will be discussed in depth.  Diffuser fouling and scaling issues will be discussed.  Finally, helpful operating hints will be provided based on experiences from operating facilities.


Annual Refresher - The Safe Operator
TRE 4094-07-09:  All Operators, All Superintendents  (Non-Process)
7 hours
Employers are required, under the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) safety standards to conduct annual safety training for their employees.  The safety training content is determined by the nature of the organization’s duties, tasks, and functions required of their employees.  Participants will discuss case studies facilitated by the instructor and review the OSHA standard 29 CFR 1926 and 29 CFR 1910 in the following areas: confined space entry, respiratory protection, lockout/tagout and excavation safety.


Basic Concepts of Wastewater Treatment 
TRE 4874-11-02:  WW 1-6; S&A; IW All (Process)
7 hours
Operators are responsible for protecting the environment and public health through the appropriate treatment of wastewater received at their facility.  Topics to be covered include all aspects of treating wastewater:  primary treatment, biological treatment methods, secondary treatment, sludge handling, chlorination and dechlorination methods, chemical addition, and use of key data to take control of the treatment process.  This course will assist in preparing operators for the wastewater treatment certification examination and experienced operators will benefit from reviewing key concepts for processes that may not be used at their facilities.  Class size is limited to 15 participants.


Biological Components of Wastewater    
TRE 5702-15-04:  WW All, IWW All, WWC; All Superintendents (Process) 
7 Hours
Wastewater contains countless numbers of living organisms, most of which are too small to see with the naked eye.  This course will review the wide variety of pathogens that are present in wastewater, sludge, foam, compost, aerosols and contaminated surfaces and present potential and actual risks to wastewater personnel.  Pathogens reviewed include viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and helminthes (worms) as well as allergens, endotoxins and exotoxins.  Topics presented include: an overview of relevant history, hazards and organisms; aerosols, compost, foam and sludge; disease transmission and the body's defenses; removal, inactivation and destruction of pathogens; hygiene measures, protective equipment and immunizations.


BNR to Enhanced Nutrient Removal 
TRE 4074-07-07:  WW All; IWW All (Process)
7 hours
Upgrading sewage treatment plants for nutrient removal is one of Maryland's top environmental priorities.  This course addresses the implications of upgrading from Biological Nutrient Removal (BNR) to Enhanced Nutrient Removal (ENR).  Topics covered will include: a review of the basics of nitrification, denitrification, and phosphorus removal; various process configurations will be discussed to accomplish the required levels of nutrient removal; and process control testing and adjustments will also be examined to optimize ENR plant performance.


Certification Examination Preparation (Water)
TRE 2832-03-06:  WT All; WD All (Non-Process) 
7 hours
Preparing for and passing the certification examination is often the most challenging part of becoming a certified operator.  This one-day course is designed to help prepare water operators for their certification examination.  Mathematics, process issues, and maintenance problems will be reviewed specifically in the context of water treatment and distribution.  General math and maintenance principles will be reviewed to meet the specific job needs of those individuals attending.  Each participant should bring a calculator to this class.


Chemical Treatment
TRE 6021-16-11: All WW; All IWW; All WT (Process)
7 hours
Most water and wastewater treatment plants use chemicals for some of the processes. In water treatment, chemicals are used to adjust pH, aid in settling particulate matter, to enhance filtration, and to remove trace constituents. In wastewater treatment, chemicals can be used to remove phosphorus, enhance settling in primary and/or biological treatment and assist in odor control, sludge thickening, sludge dewatering, and sludge stabilization. In this class, students will learn about the various chemicals used, how they can be stored and handled safely, and how to calculate dosages. Ideas on costs and how to contract for the purchase of chemicals will be provided.


Chloramines - Potable Water Disinfection with a Different Twist 
TRE 5131-12-06:  All Operators  (Process)
7 hours
Water operators will explore the use of, processes related to, and the issues regarding Chloramination in their potable water supply.  The course begins by comparing and contrasting common free chlorine versus chloramination in primary disinfection of potable water supplies, and related operations.  Next, participants will receive an explanation of what it takes to make chloramination work for a typical public water supply, as well as establishing an appropriate chlorine-to-ammonia ratio.  Other topics covered include the advantages of this primary disinfection; residual based measurements; types of problems a water system should address when using chlorine/ammonia compounds; and which types of customers may have additional concerns about this type of disinfection.


Chlorination Technology
TRE 5905-16-05 Categories Pending
7 hours
Chlorine is a widely used disinfectant which can be supplied in different many forms; including chlorine gas, hypochlorite solutions, and other chlorine compounds in solid or liquid from. As the utility industry seeks safer and more effective disinfectants, many treatment plants are now applying sodium hypochlorite. Operators will benefit from this one-day course designed to review the benefits and drawbacks of switching from gas chlorination to sodium hypochlorite. Topics will include principles of feeding gas chlorine and hypochlorite metering pumps as applied in the water/ waste water industry. Preventative maintenance recommendations for both chlorine gas and liquid bleach feed systems will be included. The disinfection action of chlorine in water treatment is described in detail as well as the hazards associated with the safe handling and storage.


Coagulation, Flocculation, Sedimentation and Filtration 
TRE 275-87-05:  WW 3-5, A; WT 3-4; IWW 5-7 (Process) 
7 hours
Designed to assist water plant operators, this advanced course focuses on tracking the flow of water through the four fundamental chemical/physical processes in water treatment.  Participants will examine chemical reactions, the physical event of each process, and the plant equipment involved.  Instruction and practice in solving typical operational and mathematical problems associated with these treatment functions will also be covered.  (This course has received TRE certification for both water and wastewater operators because some wastewater treatment plants may employ one or more of these processes).  Each participant should bring a calculator to this class.


Concepts of Drinking Water Treatment
TRE 3819-06-07:  WT All; WD (Process)
7 hours
Totally new to the drinking water treatment field or just looking for a refresher?  Recently hired apprentices and trainees will be introduced to the Safe Drinking Water Act and how it applies to the operator.  The concepts of water sources, water storage and distribution systems will be introduced during this course.  Other topics covered will include basic concepts of pumping and pressure maintenance, disinfection, storage tanks, fluoridation, corrosion control, and plant safety.  Participants will further discuss the key elements of an effective safety program.  Class size is limited to 15 participants.


Disinfection Operations for Water and Wastewater Systems
TRE 842-98-12:  All Operators (Process)
7 hours
Water and wastewater system operators will learn about chlorine and its alternatives for the primary disinfection of drinking water and treated wastewater.  These alternatives may reduce disinfection by-products and eliminate the need for dechlorination.  The course will describe the key criteria for disinfectant selection, including cost, safety, maintainability, control, and monitoring considerations.  Also presented are the pros and cons of chlorine dioxide and chloramines as alternatives to help reduce disinfection by-products and the benefits and features of alternative disinfectants like ozone, ultraviolet, mixed oxidant systems, and peroxide.  The course includes a look at the various laboratory methods to determine residuals and demonstrations of some of the practical simplified test protocols.  Finally, some class time is devoted to hands-on practice of a number of residual test methods. 


Discinfection through Chlorination  
TRE 6667-19-11-A, All Operators (Process)
7 hours
This class provides a comprehensive discussion of all aspects of disinfection with chlorine, the regulatory framework for using chlorine products, targeted pathogens and the generation of harmful disinfection by-products when chlorine reacts with natural organic materials (NOM) in the water. The disinfection action of chlorine in water and wastewater treatment, the hazards of chlorine and the formation of disinfection by-products is described along with the need for safe chemical handling and storage. This class is designed to help participants recognize how and when to use various forms of chlorine chemicals. Operators will benefit from this one-day course designed to review the benefits and drawbacks of switching from gas to liquid systems. Topics will include principles of feeding gas chlorine, pumping hypochlorite and chlorine dioxide solutions using metering pumps, e.g. diaphragm and peristaltic and preventative maintenance recommendations for both chlorine gas and liquid feed systems.


Effective Particle/Turbidity Removal at Water and Wastewater Treatment Facilities
TRE 6163-17-06:  All WT, All WW, WD, IWW (Process) 
7 hours
Designed to assist water and wastewater facility operations staff, this advanced course focuses on the operational considerations associated with effective turbidity and particle removal in conventional water treatment plants and advanced wastewater treatment plants.  Physical and chemical methods of treatment will be covered in detail, including coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation/clarification, and filtration.  Descriptions of the technology associated with each, as well as routine monitoring, operation, and troubleshooting will be discussed.  Exercises in solving typical operational problems associated with these treatment technologies and related process math will be included.


Enhanced Nutrient Removal (ENR) – Process Control
TRE 4087-07-09:  WW All; IW All (Process)
16 hours
Upgrading wastewater treatment plants for nutrient removal is one of Maryland’s top environmental priorities.  This two-day course addresses the implications of upgrading from biological nutrient removal (BNR) to enhanced nutrient removal (ENR).  Training sessions will review the basics of nitrification, denitrification, and phosphorus removal first.  Various process configurations will be discussed to accomplish the required levels of nutrient removal.  Process control testing and adjustments will also be examined to optimize ENR plant performance.  In addition, there will be two field exercises at BNR/ENR facilities.  The facilities have utilized different process configurations to accomplish the same level of treatment.  Following the field exercises, classroom discussions will focus on the operations and maintenance similarities and differences between the two facilities.


Getting to Know Your Water System 
TRE 5342-13-02:  WT All; WD (Process)
7 hours
Water treatment operators will benefit from this introductory course which will explore the uses of water, water sources, and the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water.  Discussions will include an introduction to the Safe Drinking Water Act and a review of both Primary and Secondary Drinking Water regulations and the responsibilities of Operators.  Topics will include:  groundwater and surface water contamination, basic water treatment (disinfection, pH adjustment, etc.), chlorination technologies, and a review of basic math for use by the plant and distribution system operator.


How to Prevent a Catastrophic Event to Your Water or Wastewater System    
TRE 5703-15-04:  All Operators, All Superintendents (Process)
7 hours
Operators and superintendents must recognize many of the common standard practices used at water and wastewater systems today can lead to a potential catastrophic issue at their facilities.  This course looks at some of these issues, where if not addressed, can ultimately lead to events that potentially cause bodily harm or even kill operators and customers if not effectively addressed.   First, we will look at the results of lack of verification of even the very basic chemicals delivered to our facilities, document case histories where events have occurred, and show system personnel how simple and easy a verification program is to establish.  Next, we will address operational issues such as the laboratory result where the Pink-Red color that develops in the DPD Chlorine test, but is not chlorine; and what operations personnel can to do to mitigate these issues.  Additionaly, learn why the Infrastructure Age requires extra vigilance to prevent system contamination.  Even with backflow prevention, the fact remains that a garden hose is still the number one potential contamination source for water systems.  We will discuss why water stagnation and biofilm formation can lead to bacterial contamination and how operations can minimize these issues with simple low-cost steps.


Hypochlorite Disinfection 
TRE 5456-13-11:  All Operators (Process)
7 hours 
Hypochlorites - sodium and calcium - are the most common form of disinfection used in water treatment. This course focuses on the properties, use, and feed equipment when using hypochlorite for disinfection.    Operators will be introduced to the uses and properties of hypochlorites, chemical handling including safety, regulatory requirements, and feed equipment.  Various mathematics principles will be addressed throughout the workshop including changing % concentrations, dosage/feed rates, chlorine demand/dose, and CT calculations.


Industrial Wastewater Treatment Basics
TRE 2957-04-03:  IW 1-7 (Process)
PA ID #3829 (WW)
7 hours
Industrial wastewater treatment covers the mechanisms and processes used to treat waters that have been influenced by industrial or commercial processes prior to its release to a municipal treatment plant or directly to the environment.  This course will present an overview of typical industrial wastewater treatment processes.  It is geared towards establishing a better understanding of common treatment systems for operations personnel and preparation for industrial wastewater certification exams.  Processes such as flow equalization, pH adjustment, polymer addition, metals removal through chemical coagulation and clarification, filtration, oil/water separation, and basic biological treatment will be discussed. 


Introduction to Membrane and Fluoridation Technologies
TRE 4072-07-07:  All Operators (Process)
PA ID #3136 (W, WW)
7 hours
Membrane filtration and fluoridation technologies will be explored in this one-day course.  Discussion will include an up-close look at the membrane filtration treatment methods.  Membrane processes and parameters will be introduced followed by operational and maintenance techniques.  The uses of membrane filters to remove fluoride will be discussed in depth.  Participants will review fluoride applications and the evaluation methods used for determining performance.  The operator will also review safe handling techniques of fluoride and review how to properly store this treatment agent.  Actual facilities will be topics of classroom discussion and demonstrations.


Leading the Millennials
TRE Pending: All Operators, All Superintendents (NP)
7 hours
Do you have Gen Ys in your workplace?  As employers, we often associate Generation Y (Millennials) with their use of technology, but while technology is an essential part of their lives, there is much more to know about Gen Y.  This course provides you with a profile of the Generation Y and how they relate to supervision and other generations in the workplace. We will look at generational behaviors; the forces that shaped Generation Y; their language and communication style; and their work ethic. Strategies for engaging the Gen Y in the workplace while building on their contemporary abilities and how to communicate effectively with them will be covered. Additionally, supervisors of Gen Y workers will discuss ideas and techniques that can be used to help them to develop their Gen Ys into dedicated and productive employees.  Leading Millennials is easier than you think!


Legal Liability: The Operator and Superintendent 
TRE 5318-13-01:  All Operators, All Superintendents (Non-Process)
7 hours
As a water or wastewater treatment superintendent, manager or operator, it is critical you recognize the various types of legal liability you face while operating your systems, and the repercussions of your actions.  This course will provide participants with an overview of the legal requirements of the Clean Water Act, Safe Drinking Water Act, and Maryland's water pollution and water supply laws, as well as additional requirements created by the courts and professional certification authorities.  Attendees will leave with an understanding of the consequences of failing to meet statutory requirements and professional standards in their daily activities.  This interactive course will explore issues through real-life examples of legal actions against facility staff and simulations of facility operations. 


NPDES (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System) Permit Reporting
TRE 6027-17-01:  All Operators, All Superintendents (Process)
7 hours
The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program controls water pollution by regulating point sources that discharge pollutants into waters of the United States.  This one-day course is designed to train wastewater operators and superintendents on the NPDES reporting process in Maryland.  The following topics will be covered: general objectives of the discharge reporting system, proper identification of excessive discharges, required methods for reporting to regulatory agencies, and the accurate preparation of monthly Discharge Monitoring Reports.  Dissolved oxygen, chlorine residual, pH tests, and flow monitoring will also be discussed.  Each participant must bring to this course a calculator with a log function and a copy of his or her plant's Discharge Permit.   


NetDMR 
TRE 5432-13-08:  All Operators, All Superintendents (Non-Process)
7 hours
NetDMR is a national tool for regulated Clean Water Act permittees to submit discharge monitoring reports (DMRs) electronically via a secure Internet application to U.S. EPA through the Environmental Information Exchange Network.  NetDMR allows participants to discontinue mailing in hard copy forms under 40 CFR 122.41 and 403.12.  MDE and MCET are partnering to deliver a one-day course to assist NPDES permittees required to submit DMRs via a secure Internet connection.  Attendees will be given signatory roles in the test environment of NetDMR.  They will be provided with over-the-shoulder assistance and upon completion of this course will have access to the production environment of NetDMR.  Only a signatory can be authorized to initiate the production environment of NetDMR.  Limited Seating - One Representative per Facility.


Operation of SBRs for Nutrient Removal
TRE 6555-19-05: WWT; IWW Only (Process)
7 hours
Aerobic Sequence Batch Reactors (SBR) are unique configured, activated sludge plants. Central to the SBR design is the use of a single tank for multiple aspects of wastewater treatment, e.g., BODs, TSS’s and nutrient removal. The process operates with a single sludge in a single reactor basin to accomplish both biological treatment and solids-liquid separation. Operators will review the SBR processes and become familiar with process control tests and troubleshooting. Topics in this course will include the history of SBRs, process configurations, process operation and controls, aeration and mixing, performance expectations, troubleshooting, and instrumentation and automation control.


Optimization of Activated Sludge and Fixed Film ENR Processes through Automation
TRE:638-18-05: All WW; WC; IWW (Process)
7 hours
One of Maryland’s top environmental priorities is upgrading wastewater treatment plants for nutrient removal. This class will discuss various automation options and operating practices currently used and available for removing nutrients from wastewater. The usage and cost of physical and biological technologies will be addressed. Dissolved oxygen and pH/ORP probes along with nitrate, ammonia, and phosphate analyzers will be discussed as to their role in automated process control. The accuracy and precision of today’s analyzers now allows process control in addition to process monitoring. Other topics covered will include: the effluent concentration required as to the appropriateness of Enhanced Nutrient Removal (ENR) techniques; the importance of methanol dosing or another carbon source as a food source for denitrifying organisms; metal salt addition and effluent filtration for phosphorus removal; nutrient removal regulations pertinent to protecting the Chesapeake Bay; and operational issues related to TN and TP removal with recommended corrections.


Peracetic Acid Applications Technology in the Water/Wastewater Process
TRE:6712-20-03: All Operators; All Superintendents (Process)
7 hours
Peracetic acid is perhaps an up-and-coming alternative and supplemental disinfectant for both water and wastewater. This is an oxidizer with a terrific track record of use in a variety of other industries. See why water and wastewater are exploring this oxidizer as an alternative to standard practice disinfection. In this session we will discuss why peracetic acid may be a choice as a pre-oxidant in potable water to reduce byproduct and why in some state's wastewater facilities look at peracetic acid as an alternative for residual removal. Learn how and why capital and operating costs for installations are very minimal. We will explore current installations and pilots to see all the benefits this oxidizer may have for systems.


Preliminary Treatment Processes for Wastewater    
TRE 5804-15-11:  WW All; IW All; WC (Process)
7 hours
This class will identify and characterize the preliminary treatment processes used in wastewater treatment.  These pretreatment processes are all designed to protect the downstream equipment and treatment systems.  The processes include screening, grinding, grit removal, flow equalization, odor/corrosion control and flow measurement.  The class will review the safety concerns and protective measure related to these processes.  Indicators of process efficiencies, math concepts and regulatory issues are also addressed.  Participants are encouraged to describe their own experiences in this area, including examples of successful troubleshooting and corrective actions in class discussions.


Preventing Workplace Violence
TRE 2458-02-04:  All Operators, All Superintendents (Non-Process)
7 hours
Violence in the workplace is a serious public health problem.  This course is intended to show both operators and superintendents how to deal effectively with potentially volatile situations.  This session will focus on the employee’s role in helping to prevent violence in the workplace and ways to diffuse violent situations.  Participants will be introduced to the stages of violent behavior; preventive measures; warning signs of workplace violence; security-conscious thinking; and measures required to take action. 


Process and Performance Troubleshooting
TRE 3887-06-11:  WW All; IW All; WC All (Process)
PA ID #3832 (WW)
7 hours
Intermediate and advanced operators responsible for investigating and troubleshooting process and performance control problems will benefit from this program.  Wastewater treatment facilities without original standards or with out-of-date standards would benefit from these troubleshooting tools.  Course topics include:  continuous flow activated sludge treatment facilities with and without biological nutrient removal capabilities; discussions and illustrations for design and performance standards commonly used to evaluate wastewater treatment units and processes; and workgroup discussions and evaluations of a wastewater treatment units and processes including recommendations and findings.


Safe Drinking Water Act - Federal Regulations   
TRE 3830-06-09:  WT 1-5 & G; WD; Superintendents WD (Process)
7 hours
The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) was established to protect public health by regulating the nation's public drinking water supply.  The SDWA authorizes the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) to set national health-based standards for drinking water to protect against both naturally-occurring and man-made contaminants that may be found in drinking water.  Working together, federal agencies, state agencies and water system personnel make sure that these standards are met.  This course will introduce water supply system personnel to the most recent SDWA revisions, including Maryland regulations, and the National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. Additionally, participants will review  the 1996 amendments which greatly enhanced the existing law by recognizing source water protection, operator training, funding for water system improvements, and public information as important components of safe drinking water.  Information about updated monitoring requirements, recordkeeping, emergency planning and response, and certification will be covered.  Please register early; this class is limited to 15 participants.


Verifying the Water and Wastewater Process
TRE 4301-08-06:  All Operators (Process)
PA ID #3838 (W, WW)
7 hours
When it comes to process management, choosing the best verification protocol is all about selecting the appropriate method.  This program reviews the selection process by looking at the various methods operators can choose to obtain information for daily reports, process management and even process control.  Protocols will be addressed to let operators choose the between the best selection methods for water/wastewater quality.  Six verification methods will be addressed, Gravimetric, Colorimetric, Titrimetric, Turbimetric, Electrometric and Nepelometric methods.


Water and Wastewater Utility Leaders
TRE 6668-19-11-A: All Operators; All Superintendents (Non-Process)
7 hours
The class will address theories and styles of effective utility leadership.  Leadership theories and styles discussed do not necessarily focus on who leaders are, but rather on what they do.  A good leader can make a success of a weak organization, while a poor leader can ruin even the best of organizations. Good leaders constantly seek ways to better achieve whatever needs to be done.  Leaders also develop a culture where employees feel they can take ownership in what they do, continually improve and inspire change within an organization.  This class focuses on relationship behaviors between leaders, managers and employees as well as management tasks. Although leader traits and skills can be intertwined with leader theories and styles and can be compared/contrasted to one another, leadership styles and theories differ significantly from each other.  Style leadership refers to behavior and action tendencies held by the leader that led to their individual style of leadership and how it impacted their environments.  Instead of focusing on who leaders are or what qualities they possess, were born with, or skills they acquired, style leadership instead focuses on what they do/did.


Water Filtration 
TRE 5079-12-03:  All Operators (Process)
7 hours
Operators will examine the different methods of filtration, the types of filters and their component used in a water system, the pretreatment process and common components associated with granular media filters.  They will also learn about optimizing their filtration performance and the techniques of evaluating the filter beds to recognize problems before they occur.  Evaluation techniques for water filtration will include taking freeboard measurements, obtaining a top layer gravel footprint, measuring filter rise rate during backwash, and performing floc retention analysis to determine how effective your backwash is at cleaning your filter media.


Water Storage and Distribution Systems 
TRE 5049-12-02 WT All; WD (Process)
7 hours
How is water stored and then distributed by water systems?  Operations and maintenance of gravity storage and hydropneumatic tanks will be reviewed.  Distribution system topics will include an evaluation of components, basic design, construction and repairs, hydraulic concepts, flushing, valve exercising, pressure testing programs, water quality monitoring, cross-connection identification and control, and safe work practices.  This training is designed to prepare individuals for certification and licensure as well as renewal of licenses and certification in the water/wastewater industry.